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While other pages of this website have detailed the usage of the pentagram, note should also be made of its absence. No conclusions are drawn from this list.
THE PENTAGRAM
THE PENTAGRAM, ABSENT
MASONIC SYMBOLISM
POPULAR CULTURE
.
The Book of Werewolves
Sabine Baring-Gould (1834-1924). English author and clergyman, born in Exeter. Rector of Lew Trenchard in Deven from 1881. Author of novels, typographical, mythological, theological studies and hymns, among them "Onward Christian Soldier". Chambers Biographical Dictionery, 1990.
Late twentieth century writers will occasionally refer to the "traditional" use of the pentagram for the sign of the werewolf, yet Sabine Baring-Gould makes no reference to this symbol in The Book of Werewolves (1865).
Reflecting the scholarship of his day, his references and citations are woven into his text and are often incomplete and are presented as recorded. While not conclusive, Baring-Gould’s lack of pentagram references may be indicative of a similar lack of references in the following:
Citations
Norse historians [Saxo Grammn. VII]
Völsunga Saga, c. 8
Hrolfs Saga Kraka
Ynglinga Saga, c. 7
Vatnsdaela Saga
Eyrbyggja Saga, c. 20
Gisla Saga Surssonnar, p. 34
Laxdaela Saga, cc. 37, 38.
Marcellus Sidetes
Virgil, eighth Eclogue
Herodotus, Lib. iv. c. 105.
Pomponius Mela, lib. ii. c. 1
Ovid "Metamorphoses"
Pausanias, viii. 2, 1.
Tzetze, ad Lycoph. 481.
Eratosth, Catas i. 8.
Pliny.
Agriopas.
Petronius.
S. Augustine, De Civitate Dei.
Apuleius, Golden Ass.
Gauthier de Coinsi, Vie de S. Hildefons.
Pluquet, Contes Populaires.
Schmid, Leges Canuti, i. 148.
Sidonius Apollinaris, Opera, lib. vi. ep. 4.
Palgrave, Rise and Progress of the English Commonwealth
Olaus Magnus, Historia de Vent. Septent. Basil. 15, lib. xviii. cap. 45.
Bp. Majoli, Vulturoniensis Dier. Canicul. Helenopolis, 1612, tom. ii. colloq. 3.
Casper Peucer, Comment. de Praecipuis Divin. Generibus, 1591, p. 169.
Müller, De [Avkavopwpia], Lipsiae, 1736.
Cluverius and Dannhaverusa, Acad. Homilet. p. ii.
Rhanaeus, Breslauer Sammlung, Supplement III. Curieuser und nutzbarer Anmerkungen von Natur und Kunstgeschichten, gesammelt von Kanold. 1728.
Wierus.
Forestus.
Gulielmus Brabantinus.
Pierre Vidal, Provençial troubadour.
Job Fincelius, de Mirabilibus, lib. xi.
Spranger
Majolus
Bodin
Nynauld, De la Lycanthropie. Paris, 1615, p. 52.
Donatus of Altomare, De Medend. Human. Corp. lib. i. cap. 9.
Boguet, Discours de Sorciers, 1603-1610.
Bruce Whyte, Histoire des Langues Romaines, tom. ii. p. 248.
Delancre, Tableau de l'Inconstance, p. 305.
Hartshorn, Ancient Metrical Tales, "William and the Were-wolf." p. 256.
Crumek, Remains of Nithsdale Song. "The Witch Cake."
Gervaise of Tilbury, Otia Imperalia.
Le Bessin.
Schleicher, Litauische Märchen.
Vacerad, Bohemian Lexicon. 1202.
Sacharow, Inland, No. 17.
Haxthausen, Trans-Caucasia (Leipzig, i. 322)
Nathaniel Pierce, Life and Adventures of Nathaniel Pierce. London, 1831.
T.T. Hanush, Zeitschrift für Deutsche Mythyologie. vol. 3.
Von Hahn,
Griechische und Albanesische Märchen.

The Daughter of the Ulkolak.
All the Year Round, No. 162.
Lady Duff Gordon, Remarkable Criminal Trials.
Gall, Sur les Fonctions du Cerveau, tom. iv.
Spurzheim, Doctrine of the Mind, p. 158.
Michael Wagener, Beitrage zur philosophischen Anthroplogie. Weins, 1796.
Fornari, History of Sorcerers.
Dr. Johann Geiler von Keysersperg (d. 1510), Die Emeis. Strasbourg : Johann Pauli, 1517.

Sabine Baring-Gould, The Book of the Werewolves London : Smith, Elder & Co., 1865. 266pp.

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