June 13, 1884 - February 12, 1964
Author of Book of Shadows ("Ye Bok of Ye Art Magical"), High Magics Aid (1949) and Witchcraft Today (1954), Gerald Gardner is widely considered to be the founder of modern Wicca.
Shortly before Crowleys death on December 1, 1947, Gardner purchased from him a charter for an Ordo Templi Orientis camp, which he later unsuccessfully attempted to start. According to Idries Shah, Gardner considered Crowley something of a charletan.
The influences of Gardnerian Wicca, derived in part from S.L Mathers The Key of Solomon the King, and from theories first propounded by Montague Summers, can be seen in most all current manifestations of western occult ritual magic.
Gardner is claimed by Idries Shah to have been made a Freemason in "Sphinx Lodge 113", Irish Constitution, Colombo, Ceylon. There is no such lodge. Lodge No. 113 is in Killyleagh, County Down. Sphinx Lodge No. 107 in Colombo has no record of Gardner although Grand Lodge of Ireland records report a "Gerald B. Gardner" joining in 1910. Resigning from Freemasonry before he left Ceylon, after 1936 Gardner was associated with the Co-masonic "The Fellowship of Crotona", an order affiliated to the Grand Orient of France.
Not to be confused with the editor of Bibliotheca Rosicruciana, Frederick Leigh Gardner (1857-1930).
Entered Apprentice: 23 May 1910|
Fellow Craft: 20 June 1910
Master Mason: 27 June 1910
Resigned: no date
Lodge No. 107, Colombo, Ceylon
Source : Grand Lodge of Ireland archives. Also see: Gerald Gardner, Witch, by "Jack L. Bracelin" (Idries Shah) 1970. Also see Philip Heselton, Wiccan Roots and Gerald Gardner and the Cauldron of Inspiration. Note that Irish Lodges are numbered but not necessarily named.