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ALUMBRADOS
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Ignatius Loyola
[Ignatius Loyola]
c. 1491- August 1, 1556
In his youth a poorly educated soldier named Don Inigo Lopez de Recalde, Ignatius composed his Spiritual Exercises in 1522, and in 1528 took vows of poverty and chastity. Moving to Rome, Ignatius said his first mass there on Christmas Day 1538, at Sta Maria Maggiore. He drew up the constitutions of his new order and presented them to Pope Paul III, who, in his bull Regimini Militantis Ecclesiae of September 1540, gave formal recognition to the order, the Society of Jesus. The order added to the three customary vows of poverty, chastity and obedience a fourth of special obedience to the pope. St. Ignatius was canonized on March 12th, 1622.
A few years before Inigo arrived in Alcalá in 1526, centres of alumbrados had been discovered in the area, headed by Francisca Hernández. The authorities were suspicious of itinerant preachers such as Inigo and the Inquisitors of Teledo made their first inquiries into his life and teachings on November 19, 1526. On March 6, 1527, new enquiries were opened and shortly thereafter Inigo was imprisoned until June 1, 1527. The final inquiry by the Vicar, Juan Rodríguez de Figueroa, determined that Inigo and his companions were neither alumbrados, Lutherans nor heretics but that because of their youth and lack of education they were to be forbidden to discuss religion with anybody, publicly or privately, until they had completed three years of study.

Portrait detail: , Juan MartÍnez Montañez, Spanish sculptor (b. 1568, Alcala la Real, d. 1649, Sevilla) c. 1610, Polychromed wood. Chapel, Seville University.
Saint Ignatius Loyola, The Pilgrim Years, James Broderick. New York: Farrar, Straus and Cudahy, 1956. pp. 166-79.

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