Freemasons have always been in the forefront of the scientific community; from the founding of the British Royal Society to todays NASA programme in the United States. |
The following is a short and incomplete list 1 of Brethren who have contributed to the exploration of outer space.
Kenneth S. Kleinknecht2||Manager,|
Command and Service Modules.
Manager, Project Mercury.
|Fairview Lodge |
Clark C. McClelland|| ||ScO, Space Shuttle Fleet|
1958 - 1992
|Lodge 301||Venus, Florida|
James Edwin Webb||b. October 7, 1906||Administrator, NASA|
|University Lodge |
|Chapel Hill, North Carolina|
Edwin E. "Buzz" Aldrin, Jr.3||b. January 20, 1930||Gemini XII, Apollo 11||Clear Lake Lodge |
Leroy Gordon Cooper, Jr. ||b. March 6, 1927||Mercury 9, "Faith 7", Gemini V||Carbondale Lodge|
Donn F. Eisele||b. June 23, 1930||Apollo 7||Luthor B. Turner |
Lodge No. 732
John H. Glenn, Jr. 4||b. July 18, 1921||Mercury 6, "Friendship 7"||Concord Lodge|
|New Concord, Ohio|
Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom||April 3, 1926 - |
January 27, 1967
|Mercury 4 "Liberty Bell 7", Gemini 3,
Apollo 1||Mitchell Lodge |
James Irwin 4||1930-1991||Apollo 15|
Edgar D. Mitchell||b. Sept. 17, 1930||Apollo 14||Artesia Lodge|
Walter M. Schirra, Jr.||b. March 12, 1923||Mercury 8 "Sigma 7", Gemini VI, Apollo 7||Canaveral Lodge |
|Cocoa Beach, Florida|
Thomas P. Stafford||b. Sept. 17, 1930||Gemini VII, Gemini IX-A, Apollo 10,
Apollo 18||Western Star Lodge |
Paul J. Weitz||b. July 25, 1932||Skylab 2, Challenger (STS-6)||Lawrence Lodge |
Vannever Bush||1890-1974||computer pioneer and|
|Richard C. |
1. The New Age Magazine. Supreme Council 33° A.&A. Scottish Rite of Freemasonry of the Southern Jurisdiction, Washington, D.C.: November 1969. pp. 14-30.
2. Eldest son of Christian Frederick Klienknecht. Ibid. page 23.
3. Astronauts were allowed to carry personal items. Aldrin carried an embroidered flag depicting the emblem of the Scottish Rite Southern Jurisdiction. See correspondence.
4. Freemasons Who Made A Difference Jim Harrison. Gavel Society, Vancouver, Canada: 1992.
Neil Armstrong was not a freemason; his father, Stephen Koenig Armstrong, was an active freemason from 1931 until his death in 1990. (Grand Lodge F&AM Ohio records). Some masonic websites, this one included, failed to properly check their sources and for many years reported Neil Armstrong's father as Neil Armstrong Sr. Some websitesmostly masoniphobichave further reported him as a 33° or a "Grand Officer", neither of which have been confirmed.
Flight information cited from Spaceflight: A Smithsonian Guide. Valerie Neal, Cathleen S. Lewis, Frank H. Winter, in Association with the National Air and Space Museum, The Smithsonion Institution, Washington, D.C., New York, 1995. Image detail from NASA photo of Aldrin, modified by Stanley Q. Woodvine in 1998.