January 2, 1727 - September 13, 1759
Appointed second-lieutenant at the age of fourteen in his fathers regiment of Marines in 1742, Wolfe transferred into the 12th Regiment of Foot, where he served in active service against the French in the War of the Austrian Succession. Not much over sixteen, he had become adjutant of his battalion. Little over a year later he was serving as a brigade major. He was then sent home to take part against the Jacobite uprising under Prince Charles Edward Stuart the Young Pretender. James Wolfe was at Falkirk and Culloden as Aid de Camp to General Hawley.
He left the regiment on promotion in 1758, and in the following year became famous, as Major-General Wolfe, for the capture of Quebec on the Plains of Abraham. Wolfe died on the battlefield shortly after learning of his victory.
It is sometimes claimed that the leader of the French forces, the Marquis de Montcalm, was also a freemason but this is unsubstantiated.
Claimed to be a member of Minden Military Lodge