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Latin Cross Calvary Cross, "crux emmissa" Common to Catholic and Protestant Christianity as a symbol of Jesus Christ, although found on coins, monuments and medels long before the Christian era. St. Peter’s Cross Representing St. Peter’s upside-down crucificion. It has sometimes been used by self-styled satanists to mock the Latin Cross but this usage is rare outside the heavy-metal music community. Cross Lorraine The Lorraine Cross consists of one vertical and two evenly spaced horizontal bars, the lower longer than the upper; generally the lower bar is as close to the bottom of the vertical as the upper bar is to the top. Made use of by the Free French during the Second World War. Also used in the masonic Knight's Templar 18°. Cross Lorraine The Cross Lorraine denotes the rank of cardinal in the Roman Catholic church. Adopted by the Duke of Lorraine, Godefroy de Boullion, in 1099, it was also adopted by the American Lung Association in memory of the poison gas used in the Lorraine area during World War One.
Patriarchal Cross (Archiepiscopal Cross) Used by Roman Catholic archbishops, the upper bar represents the inscription, abbreviated INRI, that Pilate had placed above Jesus' head. It is also the symbol of the 33° Inspector General Honorary. Papal Cross The three bars represent the pope’s three realms of authority: the church, the world and heaven; temporal, spiritual, and material; or it could simply be an extra bar of authority over the two-bar archbishop’s cross. Orthodox Cross The upper bar represents the inscription, abbreviated INRI, that Pilate had placed above Jesus' head, while the slanted bar represents either his foot rest, a balance scale or St. Andrew’s cross. Salem A cross of one vertical and three evenly spaced horizontal bars, also called the Catacomb Cross, the middle longer than the upper and lower. It is the signature cross of the Sovereign Grand Commander of the modern Knights Templar.

The Cross has many variations, not all of which are specifically Christian. In popular film, such as Day of the Jackel (1973), Passage to Marseille (1944) or Casablance (1942), the Cross Lorraine and the Patriarchal Cross are frequently confused. In the film V for Vendetta, a variant of the Patriarchal Cross is used as the symbol of an oppressive regime.


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